It’s All in the Eyes: Refractive Errors

laser vision correctionRefractive errors are eyesight problems resulting from the eye’s inability to bend light properly. The condition is caused by the irregular shape of the eye and often results in a blurred image. The common symptoms of refractive errors include blurred vision, the crossing of the eyes especially in children(esotropia), difficulty seeing up close, and difficulty in reading. Many eye clinics in Maple Grove, Minnesota like Maple Grove Eye Doctors could identify the may kinds of refractive errors in their patients.

Myopia

This condition is also called nearsightedness. Close objects are often clear, but distant objects appear blurry. Myopia is usually inherited and gets worse as a child grows up.

Hyperopia

This condition is also called farsightedness. Just like myopia, the condition is inherited. If you have hyperopia, you tend to see distant objects clearly, but close objects appear blurry. The condition is found in children but may disappear as they grow old. However, in advanced cases, people could develop blurry vision at all distances.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a condition where the cornea has an asymmetric curvature. This causes the light entering the eye not to focus. The patient experiences a vision that is similar to looking at a distorted and wavy mirror. The distortion of the vision is the same in all distances.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a condition that usually occurs in people over the age of 40. The eye lens becomes rigid and fails to adjust. it results to the person’s inability to focus and read at close range. You may have presbyopia with any of the conditions above. Just like the rest of the refractive conditions, presbyopia can be corrected after an eye exam at an eye clinic in Maple Grove, Minnesota.

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Your optometrist can advise on the best way to deal with refractive errors. In many cases, they could prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct the problem. However, eye surgery may be necessary for advanced cases.